This branch of medicine deals with musculoskeletal system disorders, posttraumatic movement disorders, and damages to the human body after accidents or injuries.
Its main area of focus is on the musculoskeletal system, including arms, legs, feet, knees, shoulders and elbows, i.e. all bones, muscles and joints in the human body. Treatments are coordinated with the physiotherapy department. The following conditions are treated:
Scoliosis, more common in women, is the sideways curvature of the spine when viewed frontally. It may be noted by asymmetric shoulders in adolescence, height difference of the hipbone and malformation of the ribcage. When noticed, a diagnosis can be made by measuring angles by X-ray. The treatment decision is based on the age of diagnosis and the degree of curvature. Both surgical and corset treatment may be used. Use of a corset, or close monitoring without a corset, is essential until the spine matures.
It means the more-than-normal curvature of the spine towards the front. It is referred to as being hunchbacked. Follow up using X-ray examinations is indicated, as the condition may progress in adolescence with growing height. Corset use or surgical treatment may be necessary to correct posture or relieve pain in the back or lower back. Currently, surgical operation is performed under general anesthesia and involves arresting the spine using bolts and bars.
Lower back pain is usually cased by exertion-induced muscle pain, sometimes accompanied by deformity of intervertebral discs. Severe pain results when the disc deformity progresses, compressing the nerve leading from the hip to the foot and causing hernia. In early stages, if nerve damage and muscle weakness are not present, medicinal treatment, physical therapy, pain relief are used to manage the condition. In patients with uncontrollable pain, damage at the nerve root is considered, possibly indicating surgical intervention. To ensure the lowest risk and intervention, the herniated section compressing the nerve root is microscopically removed through a 3-cm incision. The patient is discharged after an hour-long operation and a day-long recovery in the hospital. Patients with progression and multiple malformed discs are considered for spinal stenosis. If medicinal treatment, physical therapy and pain management fail, the narrow lumbar canal is surgically cleared, the spine is immobilized using bolts and bars to prevent recompression of the nerve canal. The patient can be discharged after a three-hour-long surgery and three-day-long recovery in the hospital. The patient is guided to stand up and walk 1 day after surgery. Nerve recovery is supported by medicinal treatments and follow up.
GONARTHROSIS (ARTHROSIS OF THE KNEE)
It is also known as knee calcification.
1-Pain in the knee, pain in the kneecap and particularly in the internal sides of the knee, restricted movement and movement causing sounds
2.Pain or locking when climbing up or down a flight of stairs
Diagnosis is usually made by straight graphy and knee NMRI.
The treatment approach may vary depending on the underlying cause and degree of arthrosis.
Grade 1 Arthrosis (Calcification):
Primarily drug treatment, exercise (physiotherapy) and knee injection therapy, phytotherapy (herbal alternative medicine applications)
Grade 2 Arthrosis:
Drug treatment, knee injection or PRP (stem cell) therapy, physiotherapy and knee pad therapy.
Grade 3 Arthrosis:
If caused by meniscus rupture, arthroscopy (camera-aided closed intervention) is used. If caused by abrasion and knee twist is present, arthroscopy and corrective surgery (also to eliminate the need for prosthesis) are used. If the patient feels pain when not moving or lying down, Total Knee Replacement is indicated.
Grade 4 Arthrosis (Total Knee Replacement)
Additionally, our Anesthesia and Reanimation department offers pain relief and ozone therapy.
Our Orthopedics and Traumatology Department offers diagnostic and therapeutic services with a staff of proficient physicians in outpatient and inpatient care settings.
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