Physical therapy and rehabilitation is a branch of medicine that deals with rehabilitation of disabilities in all age groups with a holistic approach to both acute and chronic problems, including rheumatismal disease, musculoskeletal system disorders, neurological disease, chronic pain and disability due to cancer.
Our physical therapy and rehabilitation department offers personalized therapeutic programs, including the following:
Heat Therapy: Hot packs, thermal pillows or paraffin may be used as superficial heaters. A hot pack is a fabric bag filled with silicate gel. After absorbing water, silicate gel is heated to 60-70°C, wrapped in a towel and may then be applied for 20-30 minutes without losing heat. Depending on the region where they are used, hot packs may provide a 1, 1-3.3°C increase in temperature at a tissue depth of 1-4 cm.
Cold Therapy: Cold packs are used for cold therapy for relieving edema, pain, muscle tonus and spasms.
Ultrasound Therapy: This technique is used for heating deeper tissues (i.e. muscles, tendons, ligaments and bones), rather than skin and subcutaneous fat tissue. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves, which, when absorbed by the tissue, is converted to heat; it is used for heating deeper tissues like bones and muscles. Ultrasound also exerts a micro-massaging effect by moving tissue fluids. This effect is used for dissolving edema and accelerating healing of wounds.
Laser Therapy: Low-intensity, non-heating laser is used for physical therapy. It augments biological activity, regulates intracellular interaction, increased collagen synthesis and accelerates healing of tissues.
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Therapy: In this technique, intermittent compression is applied to pump the fluids in veins and lymphatic vessels from arms and legs toward the heart, helping to regulate blood circulation. It is used for the treatment of edema and lymphedema.
Electrical Stimulation: In this technique, an electrical current is transmitted through superficial electrodes placed on the skin to relief pain by suppressing transmission of pain signals at the spinal level.
Traction: Traction involves straining soft tissue by applying pulling tension, dilating articular surfaces and bone structures. The driving force may be manual, mechanical, motorized or hydraulic.
Spinal Effects of Traction:
Traction is used for the treatment of herniated disks. It is contraindicated in presence of severe osteolysis, multi-level back hernia due to calcification, spinal stability loss, spinal fractures, severe spinal cord compression, infection and tumors.
Orthoses: These are devices used for supporting, correcting, or immobilizing body parts or providing functional movement. In FTR, commonly used orthoses include neck or back corsets, wrist equipment and walking orthoses. Walking orthoses are designed to help the patient stand up and walk in a near-normal manner.
Our Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department offers diagnostic and therapeutic services with a staff of proficient physicians in outpatient and inpatient care settings.
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Last update date: 07.02.2024, 22:09